Pistachios are tiny, but pack a powerful nutritional punch. These small nuts contain protein, fiber and a wealth of vitamins and minerals. Adding pistachios to your healthy eating plan might also benefit your heart. Many pistachios are roasted to make it more delicious to be consume.
Pistachios are a very high quality plant source of protein, providing adequate and balanced amounts of essential amino acids. In addition, pistachios are relatively high in a nonessential amino acid, arginine, which may play a potential role in prevention or reduction of cardiovascular disease.Pistachios are especially rich in phytosterols, which are directly associated with lowering cholesterol levels, and may offer protection from certain types of cancer.
Pistachios are nuts with a dry, hard, outer egg shaped shell, with a tasty kernel inside that are popularly consumed as a snack food. Botanically known as Pistacia vera, it is a fruit bearing tree which is native to Syria, Greece, Iran and Western Asia, but are also commercially grown in the United States, Turkey and Italy. In the Unites States, about 98% of all pistachios are grown in California. There is limited commercial growth of pistachios in Arizona and New Mexico as well. Pistachios are grown on trees and have naturally tan shells.
The kernels inside the shells are a greenish tan. They get their greenish coloring from chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is a natural pigment that gives leaves their green color. The pistachio trees grow about 10 meters high on an average. It is a desert plant, which explains its origin in western Asia. The pistachio nut is a culinary nut. Pistachio tree grows well, even in high salinity soil. Every pistachio tree doles out about 50 kg of Pistachio seeds every year! Iran is the largest producer and exporter of Pistachio.
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